Call No. [Page No.]: [p. 87]
Publisher: S. Peterburg: [Tovarishchestvo A.F. Marks]
Document Type: Document
Category: Russian Collection
Volume info: 3 volumes
Aleksandr Vasil'evich Krivoshein was an important Tsarist government official, who was appointed Minister of Agriculture in 1908. He had the goal of answering the question of future interests in the Asian regions of the Russian Empire. The person responsible for overseeing the actual work on these volumes was a close friend and deputy of Krivoshein's Senator and Privy Councillor Grigorii Viacheslavovich Glinka (1862-1934) from the Resettlement Administration. The two volume text is accompanied by over 700 illustrations. The first volume has articles of historical, legal and ethnographic focus (Liudi i poriadki [People and customs]); the second volume's articles are on natural sciences and economics (Zemlia i khoziaistvo [The land and economy]). Each chapter is written by a different person, among whom are G.K. Gins, I.P. Tolmachev, and S.V. Vostrotin, all of whom emigrated to China. A consular report on Japanese fishing made by V.V. Trautshold, the man sent to Hawaii in 1917, is listed in the bibliography of sources. The range of subjects is vast, and the introduction says this is a first attempt at a Siberian encyclopedia. The most glaring omission is any reference to the exile system and penal colonies. The third volume is a wonderful list of indices: a 70 p. combined personal name, geographic name, and subject; a 70 p. index of the sources used; a 10 p.list of the photographs and drawings; and 2 p. of the maps, plans and diagrams. The Atlas had new cartographic materials available for use in compiling the numerous maps which detail geologic features, soil, religions, railways, population, native groups, political divisions, plans of individual towns, a full color page of heraldic emblems, and so on. Reproductions of the earliest maps of Siberia are included. As the late British historian Terence Armstrong remarked in his 1974 introduction to the reprint of the first two volumes of Азиатская Россия, "This is a work with no peer, before or after it in time. It is remarkable in how many respects the information is still accurate but hard to find elsewhere." The Great Siberian Migration was an agricultural movement that involved European Russia, Asiatic Russia, and the Empire as a whole, and in particular its agriculture and its peasantry. Resettlement was a form of migration and important means of internal colonization. After the peasant reform of 1861 resettlement quickened with most settlers heading for Siberia. The Resettlement Administration under Privy Councilor Glinka supervised the granting of permissions to migrate, the management of the process of installation of the migrants, the disposition of the credits allotted for migrations affairs, and the preliminary work on all legislation dealing with migration. In 1905 the Resettlement Administration was reorganized into the Ministry of Agriculture and renamed the Chief Administration of Land Settlement and Agriculture [Glavnoe upravlenie zemleustroistva i zemledeliia]. Peasant migration to the Far East fell into three phases: (1) 1859-82, (2) 1882-1907, and (3) 1908-17. Most of the newcomers in the Far East came from Irkutsk Province and the Trans-Baikal region. After the completion of the Trans-Siberian railroad resettlement intensified markedly. By 1911 a new Committee for the Settlement of the Far East came into being. Between 1906 and 1914, 3.3 million persons crossed the Urals into Siberia. In 1909, the number of migrant plots registered for occupation in the Amur and Ussuri regions together was greater than for any other single migrant region.
Treasure record edited by Hamilton Library at 2010-07-09 14:39:57