GLOSSARY OF TERMS


B

BANGA

Island in the New Georgia Group, Western Province, Solomon Islands.


D

DIAMOND NARROWS

Waterway between New Georgia Island and Nauro Island, to the northwest of Munda in the Western Solomon Islands.


DUTCH NEW GUINEA

Also known as Netherlands New Guinea. Colonial-era name for the Western half of the island of New Guinea, now known as Papua. (For more on naming conventions for the region, see entry for PAPUA below.)


H

HOLLANDIA

Former name for Jayapura, Papua (Indonesia).


I

IRIAN JAYA

See PAPUA.


K

KOLOMBANGARA

Island in the New Georgia Group, Western Province, Solomon Islands.


KONÉ

Provincial capital of the North Province (province Nord) of New Caledonia. New Caledonia is divided into two provinces, North and South (province Sud). Within each province are smaller administrative units known as communes.


L

LAE

Capital of Morobe province, Papua New Guinea.


N

NETHERLANDS NEW GUINEA

Also known as Dutch New Guinea. Colonial-era name for the Western half of the island of New Guinea, now known as Papua. (For more on naming conventions for the region, see entry for PAPUA below.)


NEW GEORGIA GROUP

Archipelago, roughly 45 miles long, in the Western Province of the Solomon Islands. Other islands in the group visited by Dr. Grace include Kolombangara and New Georgia. Rendova, another island in the group, appears in the background of certain images, but was not visited directly by Dr. Grace.


NEW GEORGIA ISLAND

New Georgia is the largest island of the Western Province of the Solomon Islands. See also New Georgia Group above.


P

PAPUA

Currently accepted name (as of 2008) for the Western half of the island of New Guinea, which was annexed by Indonesia in 1969 and remains under Indonesian control. Sometimes also referred to as West Papua; formerly known as Irian Jaya and, in the era immediately prior to Indonesian annexation, Netherlands (or Dutch) New Guinea. For a selection of online maps of the region, click here and scroll down to "Maps and Charts." For a collection of documents relating to the region and its history, click here. (Maps and documents are provided by PapuaWeb, a collaboration between the University of Papua, Cenderawasih University and the Australian National University.) For the purposes of this online collection, WEST NEW GUINEA is used to denote this region.


PAPUA NEW GUINEA

Eastern half of the island of New Guinea, which gained independence from Australia in 1975. To view a map and read the CIA World Factbook report on Papua New Guinea click here.


PROVINCE NORD (NEW CALEDONIA)

New Caledonia is divided into two provinces, North (Province Nord) and South (Province Sud). Within each province are smaller administrative units known as communes.


PROVINCE SUD (NEW CALEDONIA)

New Caledonia is divided into two provinces, North (Province Nord) and South (Province Sud). Within each province are smaller administrative units known as communes.


W

WEST NEW GUINEA

Although PAPUA is the currently accepted name for the western half of the island of New Guinea, owing to ongoing issues regarding the political status of the region, the Pacific Collection (in consultation with George Grace) has opted to use WEST NEW GUINEA as the naming convention for this area. See also PAPUA.


WEST PAPUA

See PAPUA.