GLOSSARY OF TERMS


A

AGANA

Previous name (as employed by Margo Duggan) for Hagatña, Guam, the administrative center for the island, located on its western coast.


ANGAUR

Previous name (as employed by Margo Duggan) for Ngeaur. Southernmost island in the Palau group.


B

BELAU

Indigenous name for Palau. This database uses current official spellings employed by the government of each island group -- in this case, Palau.


C

CNMI

Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands. Fourteen islands, including Saipan, Tinian and Rota, existing as a commonwealth in political union with the US. During the time these images were made, the islands, along with Guam, comprised the Mariana Islands District of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands.


COMMAR

"Commander Marianas." Short for "Commander Naval Forces Marianas" (also sometimes abbreviated as COMNAVMAR). Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, as the Commander-in-Chief of the Pacific Fleet, was the highest ranking officer on Guam during the period of U.S. military rule (1944-1946). He established his headquarters on the Fonte Plateau, which became known as ComMar Hill, and is now known as Nimitz Hill.


E

E.C.I.

Eastern Caroline Islands


F

FACPI

Point of land on southwest coast of Guam.


L

LAMLAM

Highest peak on Guam.


M

M.I.

Mariana Islands. At the time that these photographs and captions were made Guam, the southernmost island in the Mariana archipelago, was also politically a part of the Mariana Islands -- and hence Margo Duggan often appends "M.I." to Guam in her captioning. On June 1, 1950, Guam became an unincorporated territory of the United States, while the northern islands became a United States Commonwealth (i.e., the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, or CNMI) on November 4, 1986.


N

NAS

Naval Air Station


NGEAUR

Currently accepted name for the southernmost island in the Palau group. Margo Duggan uses the previously accepted name, Angaur, in her captioning.


P

PINEAPPLE PENTAGON

Nickname of the headquarters for the U.S. Army Pacific Command, at Fort Shafter, Honolulu, Hawaii.


PONAPE

Previously used name (as employed by Margo Duggan) for Pohnpei island, Federated States of Micronesia


S

SCAP

Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers. Title given to General Douglas MacArthur during the occupation of Japan following World War II. The acronym (as used by Margo Duggan) also refers to the offices of the occupation, and is applied to both civilan and military employees.


T

T.H.

Territory of Hawaii.


TANAPAG

Harbor on the western side of Saipan.


TRUK

Previously used name (as employed by Margo Duggan) for Chuuk island, Federated States of Micronesia


TYPHOON ALLYN

Typhoon Allyn hit Guam in November 1949, with winds of up to 115 mph.


U

USARPAC

An acronym for U.S. Army Pacific Command, which is based at Ft. Shafter, Honolulu, Hawaii. See also "Pineapple Pentagon."


W

W.C.I.

Western Caroline Islands